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MOPC – MALALTIA PULMONAR OBSTRUCTIVA CRÒNICA

Avui, 28 de març se celebra el dia mundial de la Malaltia Pulmonar Obstructiva Crònica o també coneguda com MPOC.

Aquesta malaltia es caracteritza per que és progressiva i hi ha una obstrucció no reversible al pas de l’aire dificultant la respiració. És una malaltia amb un alt percentatge de mortalitat, per això és la tercera causa de mort després de les cardiopaties i el càncer.

En ser progressiva hi ha persones que pateixen la malaltia i no ho saben perquè els símptomes es presenten a poc a poc.

La principal causa d’MPOC és el tabaquisme. Com més cigarretes fuma una persona més probabilitat té de patir aquesta malaltia. Altres causes poden ser l’exposició a gasos, grans quantitats de contaminació o fum de tabac (fumador passiu) i fum de foc freqüentment sense ventilació apropiada.

Els símptomes són tos amb o sense expectoració, fatiga (cansament), refredats amb freqüència, dificultat per realitzar activitat física lleu, dificultat respiratòria i sibilàncies.

No té cura però es poden fer coses per evitar que empitjori i millorar els símptomes a part dels fàrmacs i rehabilitació respiratòria, com ara:

  • Caminar per millorar capacitat respiratòria (parla amb el teu fisioterapeuta perquè t’indiqui que fa temps has de fer-ho).
  • Evitar climes molt freds o molt calents i canvis bruscos de temperatura.
  • No estar prop de persones fumant i de llocs molt contaminats.
  • Reduir la contaminació de la casa, ventilant els espais.
  • Fer servir l’estrès i l’estat d’ànim.
  • No menjar productes processats, portar una dieta equilibrada i variada.

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