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Hoy, 28 de Marzo se celebra el día mundial de la Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica o también conocida como EPOC.

Esta enfermedad se caracteriza por que es progresiva y hay una obstrucción no reversible al paso del aire dificultando la respiración. Es una enfermedad con un alto porcentaje de mortalidad, por eso es la tercera causa de muerte después de las cardiopatías y el cáncer.

Al ser progresiva hay personas que sufren la enfermedad y no lo saben porque los síntomas se presentan poco a poco.

La principal causa de EPOC es el tabaquismo. Contra más cigarros fuma una persona más probabilidad tiene de sufrir esta enfermedad. Otras causas pueden ser la exposición a gases, grandes cantidades de contaminación o humo de tabaco (fumador pasivo) y humo de fuego frecuentemente sin ventilación apropiada.

Los síntomas son tos con o sin expectoración, fatiga (cansancio), resfriados con frecuencia, dificultad para realizar actividad física leve, dificultad respiratoria y sibilancias.

No tiene cura pero se pueden hacer cosas para evitar que empeore y mejorar los síntomas a parte de los fármacos y rehabilitación respiratoria, como, por ejemplo:

  • Caminar para mejorar capacidad respiratoria (habla con tu fisioterapeuta para que te indique cuanto tiempo debes hacerlo).
  • Evitar climas muy fríos o muy calientes y cambios bruscos de temperatura.
  • No estar cerca de personas fumando y de lugares muy contaminados.
  • Reducir la contaminación de la casa, ventilando los espacios.
  • Manejar el estrés y el estado de ánimo.
  • No comer productos procesados, llevar una dieta equilibrada y variada.


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